YSI ODO RTU X-Series Integration Guide
Real-Time Water Quality Measurements
The YSI ODO RTU Optical Dissolved Oxygen Sensor is compatible with NexSens X-Series data loggers using the Modbus-RTU communication protocol and the RS-485 sensor interface. A pre-defined script on the X-Series data loggers can detect, log, and transmit all parameters available on the sensor. Parameter data is transmitted, in real-time, at a user-specified interval (e.g., 10 minutes) to the NexSens WQData LIVE Web Datacenter. There, data is stored on customizable dashboards with statistics and graphical interfaces for each parameter. Users can download and send data reports via Email, FTP, or an API. Below is information on the settings and wiring required to integrate these sensors with a NexSens X-Series data logger.
YSI currently offers a single model of the YSI ODO RTU, which comes with an optional conductivity sensor for automatic salinity compensation. The conductivity probe provides additional parameters such as conductivity (µS/cm), specific conductivity (µS/cm), salinity (ppt), conductivity nLF (µS/cm), and total dissolved solids (mg/L). Understanding the model and the number of available parameters is critical when creating the Modbus-RTU script.
Section 5 of the YSI ODO RTU manual outlines the Modbus configuration and commands necessary to create the Modbus-RTU script. The commands show the Modbus registers used to change the Modbus address and read from the available parameters. The sensor can be programmed using a NexSens RS-485 UW Sensor USB Adapter in any Modbus interface software.
1. Wiring for Communication
In nearly all applications involving NexSens integration, a connectorized UW8 plug will be added to the sensor cable, which is compatible with the NexSens RS-485 UW Sensor USB Adapter. However, users can wire the sensor using the flying leads for direct communication, or if a UW8 plug is added, the pins for the ground, power, and 485 communication are below.
|YSI ODO RTU Flying Lead Wire Color*
|NexSens UW8 Plug Pins
2. Setting a Unique Modbus Address
The YSI ODO RTU does not require any changes to the internal settings before detecting with an X-Series data logger, except changing the sensor to have a unique Modbus address. A custom script must match the default internal settings for proper communication. For direct communication, the sensor has the following default communication parameters:
- Baud Rate: 9600
- Address: 1
- Parity: Even
- Stop bit: 1
- Data: 8-bit
Setting a Unique Modbus Address
If another sensor using Modbus-RTU communication is connected to the data logger, including additional YSI ODO RTU sensors, they will each need their own unique Modbus address. Below is the register information for adjusting the sensors’ Modbus address.
Read Current Modbus Address
|Function 0x03 (Read input registers)
|32-bit Float, Big-endian
|Requests the current Modbus address.
Write a New Modbus Address*
|Function 0x06 (Write a Single Register)
|32-bit Float, Big-endian
|Writes a new Modbus address based on a user-entered value.
*Power must be cycled on the sensor to solidify the new address.
3. Automatic Sensor Detection
After setting a unique Modbus address, a script can be generated to read the available parameters from the sensor.
X-Series Logger Detection and Script Information
During NexSens integration, a 4000-level script will be added to the X-Series data logger before shipment. If the sensor is purchased separately, contact NexSens to procure the script or create the script using the Generic Modbus Script Utility.
Note: While generating the script, the selected parameters must be a continuous register request. Thus, the script should begin with ODO saturation at register 0 and be in the order in the table below until the final parameter. Gaps in the register request will return erroneous data.
The sensor outputs the dissolved oxygen and temperature parameters by default. Adding the optional conductivity sensor will add conductivity (µS/cm), specific conductivity (µS/cm), salinity (ppt), conductivity nLF (µS/cm), and total dissolved solids (mg/L). The manufacturer and model for the sensor are available within the script utility, which displays the default dissolved oxygen and temperature parameters. Choose Show all next to Available parameters to add the remaining conductivity sensors.
All parameters in the table below are 32-bit IEEE-754 floating point numbers in big-endian format. Each value is a combination of two registers. Values are read using a read input registers command (function code 0x04).
|CONNECT Parameter Name
|ODO RTU Parameter
|ODO Local Barometer Compensated
|Time Since Boot*
|Total Dissolved Solids
*The Time Since Boot parameter is an unsigned 32-bit integer.
Run the Sensor Detection
Once the script is created, transfer and enable it on the data logger.
After the script is enabled, run a sensor detection to program the sensor onto the logger.
Read Sensor Configuration – Confirm Sensor Detection
After ~5-10 minutes, read the sensor configuration to confirm the YSI ODO RTU and other sensors have been detected on the data logger. Thoroughly review the parameter list to ensure all parameters are accounted for and are measured in the desired units. Let the unit gather a few readings to confirm accurate and reasonable parameter data.
4. Setting up WQData LIVE
Once an X-Series data logger has finished a new sensor detection, it will automatically push the sensor configuration to the WQData LIVE Web Datacenter. Follow the three articles below to create a WQData LIVE account and a project/site. Then add the data logger to the project using the included claim code.
- Create a WQData LIVE Account
- Create a Project on WQData LIVE
- Add a Data Logger to a Project on WQData LIVE
Real-Time System Application
Real-time DO measurements from YSI ODO RTU sensors are useful in various environmental monitoring applications.
Discover applicable uses for YSI ODO RTU sensors.
- Dissolved Oxygen Monitoring Systems
- Inland Lake Monitoring Systems
- Stream and River Monitoring Systems
Dissolved Oxygen Measurements
Learn more about dissolved oxygen measurements on the NexSens Blog Page. Blog posts specifically regarding DO monitoring systems are below:
- Best Dissolved Oxygen Sensors
- Dissolved Oxygen Monitoring Systems
- Dissolved Oxygen Monitoring at Hydroelectric Plants: Part I
- Dissolved Oxygen Monitoring at Hydroelectric Plants: Part II
For additional information on the In-Situ RDO-Blue DO sensor, please refer to the YSI ODO RTU Sensor Manual.